Odisha Ikkat also popularly known as Sambalpuri Ikkat is a kind of Ikkat called as Bandhakala and Bandha, a resist dyeing technique where the tying and dying of the yarn is significantly different from Gujarat, Rajasthan and other parts of the Indian sub-continent.
In Odisha, by this method the dye soaks into the exposed portions and the tied portioned are left from the dyeing effect. As a result, you have a systematic sequence in the yarn which is put to weaving. This sequence is a preconceived design of the weaver. This sequential tie and dye method allows the weaver to form the designs in various colors.
The weaver incites the design by the warp or weft or by both. If it is only warp or weft it is called single Ikat and if both it is called double Ikat. The positioning of the threads is vital and therefore needs utmost care and has to be without any flaw. The hazy effect is usually derived by using a yarn with fine counts during tie and dye process. The double Ikat/Ikkat designs are also referred as Patola.